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11th International Conference on Probiotics and Prebiotics, will be organized around the theme “Advancing Research, Understanding & Application”
Probiotics 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Probiotics 2021
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Fermented foods are produced through controlled microbial growth and conversion of food components through enzymatic action. There is a surge in demand of such food products due to their health benefits. Some fermented foods include
A synbiotic is described as a "mixture of probiotics and prebiotics that improves the survival and activity of beneficial microorganisms in the gut by beneficially affecting the host." Synbiotics are those products in which the prebiotic compound selectively favours the synthesis and metabolite formation of probiotics
Several criteria must be met to successfully deliver probiotics benefit to the consumer. To ensure this quality control, manufacturing, production, and the whole process from raw material to final product is essential.
- Strain production development
- Strain nutritional requirement
- Manufacturing raw material for growth media
- Quality control
Probiotic formulation of effective and high quality requires expert knowledge with thorough work ethic, in every step of development chain.
Probiotic production process steps
Production process start with the fermentation of probiotic bacteria under suitable temperature, required pH and other suitable conditions.
- Strain selection
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life. The process of food fermentation plays a crucial role in providing food security, enhancing livelihoods and improving the nutrition and social well being of millions of people around the world, particularly the marginalized and vulnerable.
Advantages of probiotic include
- Diminishing undesirable elements of raw product.
- Improving food digestibility and nutrient availability
- Enrichment of food with vitamins and ammino acids.
The human gut harbors trillions of microbes this microbial ecosystem plays a crucial role in human physiology and health. Resilience is the property of an ecosystem to resist changes under stress or to quickly and fully recover from the perturbations. Many studies have shown that dietary fibers impact the composition and function of the microbiota.
Increased dietary fiber intake increases the diversity of the human gut microbiota and diversity may be a positive contributor to resilience.
Probiotics are live nonpathogenic microorganisms which are administered to improve the gastrointestinal tract health and balance microbial flora. They consist of Saccharomyces boulardii or lactic acid bacteria, such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species and are regulated as dietary supplements and foods. Fermented dairy products are a major source of probiotics.
From the past several decades the research into the field increased tremendously.Genetic characterization and modification of strains, state-of-the-art in vitro, in vivo, and in silico techniques are driving probiotic and prebiotic research to uncover the effects of probiotics and prebiotics on their targets, and methods to identify main molecules that mediate host benefits. Young scientist need to acquire scientific data and tools and network eachother to perform experiments and new researches in the field.
Prebiotics are non-digestible short chain carbohydrates that are not digested by digestive enzymes and selectively enhance the activity of some groups of beneficial bacteria. Prebiotics provide many health benefits such as reduction of cancer risk and increase absorption of calcium and magnesium.
Boost the digestive health, supports the immune system, reduce inflammation and symptoms of sensitive abdomen health, increase the absorption of calcium to enhance bone density, boost the overall health and immunity.
The human gastrointestinal tract contains in average 1014 microorganisms/ml of luminal content, and features over 5000 bacterial species. It has been suggested that the intestinal microbiota composition is associated with conditions such as allergies, intestinal inflammatory diseases, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases. Probiotics help in maintenance of a healthier gut microbiota and improve the overall health.
Prebiotics play an important role in human health. Prebiotics feed the intestinal microbiota and their degradation products are short chain fatty acids released into the blood circulation.
- Chicory root have high inulin helps in digestion and provides antioxidant properties.
- Garlic promotes growth of gut bacteria.
- Bananas are beneficial and provide natural fiber.
- Barley is an immune boosting, antioxidant and prebiotic fiber source.
Probiotic and prebiotic is a hot topic in pediatrics research. According to various studies human milk enhances the development of bifidogenic microbiome in infants. The use of probiotics among very low-birth-weight infants is constantly increasing, as it is believed that probiotics help in reducing the incidence of severe diseases, such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and late-onset sepsis and improve feeding tolerance.
Increase in the demand of the healthy foods led to the development of new and innovative food products throughout the world. Probiotics is one of the fastest growing categories of food. It includes role of probiotics in primary prevention of diseases, effect of probiotic on cytokines involved in the allergic immune response, relationship between gut microflora and atopic dermatitis, long-term effects of perinatal probiotic use.
There are many probiotic rich foods are present naturally which provides benefit to the body. Probiotic are healthy bacteria that help in detoxification, defend the line of intestine, increase bioavailability of nutrients and protect against infectious microorganisms. Most common probiotic foods include